Acton, Harold and Cheney, Edward. Florence: A Travellers’ Companion (London: Constable, 1986).

Addis, Ferdinand. The Eternal City: A History of Rome (New York: Pegasus Books, 2018).

di Bisticci, Vespasiano. The Vespasiano Memoirs, trans. William George and Emily Waters (London: Routledge & Sons, 1927).

Black, Christopher. Early Modern Italy: A Social History (New York: Routledge, 2001).

Black, Jane. Absolutism in Renaissance Milan: Plenitude of Power under the Visconti and the Sforza, 1329-1535 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009).

Borsook, Eve. The Companion Guide to Florence (Collins, 1966).

Brion, Marcel. The Medici: A Great Florentine Family, trans. Gilles and Heather Cremonesi (New York: Crown Publishing Company, 1981).

Brown, Alison. The Medici in Florence: The Exercise and Language of Power (Perth: Leo S. Olschki and University of Western Australia Press, 1992).

Brucker, Gene A. Florence: The Golden Age, 1138-1737 (New York: Abbeville Press, 1984).

_____________. Florentine Politics and Society 1343-1378 (Princeton, NJ: University of Princeton Press, 1962).

_____________. Renaissance Florence (London: Wiley, 1969).

_____________. “The Medici in the Fourteenth Century” Speculum, 32 (1957): 1-26.

Bruni, Leonardo. History of the Florentine People, trans. James Hankins (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001), Vols. 1-3.

Burkhardt, Jacob. The Civilization of The Renaissance in Italy, trans. S.G.C. Middlemore (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1878).

di Camugliano, G. Niccolini. The Chronicles of a Florentine Family, 1200-1400 (Florence: Jonathan Cape, 1933).

Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (Rome: Istituto dell’Enciclopedia Italiana),

Cleugh, James. The Medici: A Tale of Fifteen Generations (New York: Dorset Press, 1975).

Collins, Roger. Keepers of the Keys of Heaven: A History of the Papacy (New York: Basic Books, 2009).

Compagni, Dio. Chronicle of Florence, ed. Daniel E. Bornstein. (Philadelphia; University of Pennsylvania Press, 1986).

Dei, Benedetto. La Cronica (Florence: Francesco Papafava, 1984).

The Society of Renaissance Florence, a Documentary Study, ed. Gene Brucker. (New York: Harper & Row, 1971

Epstein, Steven, Genoa and the Genoese (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1998).

Fatturoso, G. Florence: The Churches, The Palaces, The Treasures of Art (Florence: L’Impontra Press, 1945).

______________. The Society of Renaissance Florence (New York: Harper & Row, 1971).

Florentine Political Writings from Petrarch to Machiavelli, eds. Mark Jurdjevic, Natasha Piano, and John P. McCormick (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2019).

Florentine Studies: Politics and Society in Renaissance Florence, ed. Nicolai Rubenstein (Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1968).

Galluzzi, Riguccio. Istoria del Granducato di Toscano sotto il governo della Casa Medici, 8 vols. (Florence: Gaetano Cambiagi, 1781).

Gilmour, David. The Pursuit of Italy: A History of a Land, Its Regions, and Their Peoples (New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2012).

Goldwaithe, Richard A. The Building of Renaissance Florence: A Social and Economic History (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1982).

__________________. The Economy of Renaissance Florence (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 2009).

__________________. “The Florentine Palace as Domestic Architecture”, American Historical Review (1972): 977-1012.

__________________. Private Wealth in Renaissance Florence (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968).

Guicciardini, Francesco. The History of Italy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984).

Hale, J.R. Florence and the Medici (New York: Phoenix Press, 2001 [1977]).

Hankins, James. Virtue Politics: Soulcraft and Statecraft in Renaissance Italy (Cambridge: Belknap Press, 2019).

Heer, Friedrich. The Holy Roman Empire, trans. Janus Sondheimer (New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1968).

Hibbert, Christopher W. Florence: The Biography of a City (London: Penguin, 2004).

___________________. The House of Medici: Its Rise and Fall (New York: Morrow Quill, 1980 [1974]).

___________________. Rome: The Biography of a City (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1985).

Hollingsworth, Mary. The Family Medici: The Hidden History of the Medici Dynasty (New York: Pegasus Books, 2018).

Landucci, Luca. A Florentine Diary from 1450-1516, trans. Alice de Rosen (Jervis, 1927).

Lapini, Agostino. Diario Florentino (Florence: G.C. Sansoni, 1900).

Luzatto, Gino. An Economic History of Italy From the Fall of the Empire to the Beginning of the 16th Century, trans. Philip Jones (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1961).

Machiavelli, Niccolò. Florentine Histories, trans. Laura F. Banfield and Harvey C. Mansfield (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990).

Madden, Thomas. Venice: A New History (New York: Penguin Books, 2013).

Magnificenza alla Corte dei Medici (Milan: Electa, 1997).  

Massinelli, Anna Maria and Tuena, Filippo M. Treasures of the Medici (New York: Vendome Press, 2008).

Moffat, Alistair. Tuscany: A History (Edinburgh: Birlinn, 2011).

Muir, Dorothy. A History of Milan Under The Visconti (London: Methuen & Co., 1924).

Najemy, John M. A History of Florence, 1200-1575 (New York: Wiley Blackwell, 2008).

Noble, Mark. Memoirs of the Illustrious House of Medici (1797).

Parenti, Marco. The Memoir of Marco Parenti: A Life in Medici Florence, trans. and ed. Mark Phillips (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1987).

Possessions of a Cardinal: Politics, Piety, and Art 1540-1700, eds. Mary Hollingsworth and Carol M. Richardson (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania University Press, 2010).

Norwich, John Julius. Absolute Monarchs: A History of the Papacy (New York: Random House, 2011).

_________________. A History of Venice (New York: Random House, 1989 [1982]).

Rubenstein, Nicolai. The Government of Florence Under the Medici (Oxford, 1966).

Strathem, Paul. The Medici: Power, Money, and Ambition in the Italian Renaissance (New York: Pegasus Books, 2016).

Tomas, Natalie R. The Medici Women: Gender and Power in Renaissance Florence (Aldershot, Hants: Ashgate, 2003).

Trexler, Richard C. Public Life in Renaissance Florence (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1980).

Two Memoirs of Renaissance Florence, ed. Gene Brucker (Harper & Row, 1967).

Villani, Giovanni. Cronica (Florence: Magheri, 1823).

Villani, Matteo. Cronica (Florence: Magheri, 1823).

Young, G.F. The Medici (New York: Charles Boni, 1930).

Chapter 0 : Italy from the Fall of the Western Empire to Matilda of Tuscany

Becker, Marvin B. Medieval Italy (Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1981).

Browning, Simon. Guelphs and Ghibellines: A Short History of Medieval Italy (London: Methuen & Co., 1893).

Duff, Nora. Matilda of Tuscany: La Gran Donna d’Italia (London: Methuen & Co., 1909).

Gerrard, James. The Ruin of Roman Britain: An Archaeological Perspective (Cambridge University Press, 2013).

Italy In The Early Middle Ages: 476-1000, ed. Cristina La Rocca (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).

Liutprand of Cremona. Works, trans. and ed. F.A. Wright (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1930).

Medieval Trade in the Mediterranean World: Illustrative Documents, eds. and trans. Robert S. Lopez and Irving W. Raymond (New York: Columbia University Press, 2001).

Spike, Michèle K. Tuscan Countess: The Life and Extraordinary Times of Matilda of Canossa (New York: Vendome Press, 2004).

Wickham, Chris. Early Medieval Italy (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1989).

Black Death

Benedictow, Ole J. The Black Death, 1346-1353: The Complete History (Woodbridge, Suffolk: The Boydell Press, 2004).

Carmichael, Ann G. Plague and the Poor in Florence (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986).

Cohn, Samuel K. The Black Death Transformed: Disease and Culture in Early Renaissance Europe. (London: Arnold and Oxford University Press, 2002).

_____________. The Cult of Remembrance and the Black Death: Six Renaissance Cities in Central Italy (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1997).

Henderson, John. “The Black Death in Florence” in Death in Towns, ed. S. Bennett (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1992).

Herlihy, David. The Black Death and the Transformation of the West. (Cambrdige: Harvard University Press, 1997).

Kelly, John. The Great Mortality (New York: HarperCollins, 2005).

The Avignon Papacy/The Great Schism

Mullins, Edwin. The Popes of Avignon: A Century in Exile (New York: Blueridge, 2008).
Smith, John Holland. The Great Schism 1378: The Disintegration of the Papacy (New York: Weybright And Talley, 1970).
Weiss, Stefan. “Luxury and Extravagance at the Papal Court in Avignon and the Outbreak of the Great Western Schism”, trans. Catherine Masemann in A Companion to the Great Schism, eds. Joelle Rollo-Koster and Thomas M. Izbicki (Leiden: Brill, 2009).

The bibliographies are not set in stone and will keep growing as our story goes on.